Nonfiction Social Sciences

From One ‘Battle’ to Another: The Making of a Travesti Political Movement in a Brazilian City

This article examines the emergence of a travesti political movement out of a work group of transgendered sex professionals run by the Grupo de Apoio à Provenção da AIDS/Rio Grande do Sul (Support Group for AIDS Prevention, or GAPA/RS) in Porto Alegre, Brazil. The author first discusses the history of GAPA/RS’ involvement with sex workers…

Humanities Law/Legal Nonfiction Social Sciences

Social stigma, legal and public health barriers faced by the third gender phenomena in Brazil, India and Mexico: Travestis, hijras and muxes

Aim and methods: The aim of this article is to provide a narrative literature review of the ‘third gender’ phenomenon in Brazil ( Travestis), India ( Hijras) and Mexico ( Muxes), considering the social stigma, the legal and health aspects of these identities. Results: These three groups share similar experiences of stigmatisation, marginalisation, sexual abuse,…

Art Essay Humanities Nonfiction Social Sciences

Toward transformative media organizing: LGBTQ and Two-Spirit media work in the United States

This article summarizes key findings from a strengths and needs assessment of media work by Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans*, Queer (LGBTQ) and Two-Spirit organizations in the United States, conducted in 2014–2015. This mixed-methods participatory research included a nationwide organizational survey with 231 respondents, 19 expert interviews, and a series of workshops with project partners and…

History Humanities Nonfiction Social Sciences

Paradise Lost? Social Change and Fa’afafine in Samoa

Geographically isolated in the centre of the Pacific, Samoa has only recently become fully incorporated into economic and social forms of globalization. The past few decades have seen significant shifts in the construction and expression of gender and sexuality. Among the groups most affected are the fa’afafine, biological males who express feminine gender identities. These…

History Nonfiction Social Sciences

Geographies of Contagion: Hijras, Kothis, and the Politics of Sexual Marginality in Hyderabad

Following the recognition that ‘culture matters’ in designing effective public health programs, this paper focuses on one refraction of culture within the so-called ‘homosexual’ community in India, to highlight how attention to local knowledge and its socio-economic underpinnings can impact the politics of health care. Drawing primarily on ethnographic fieldwork conducted from 1995–1997 and 2003…

Humanities Nonfiction Social Sciences

“…And We Are Still Here”: From Berdache to Two-Spirit People

When we gathered people together for two invitational conferences on “Revisiting the ‘North American Berdache’ Empirically and Theoretically,” our aim was to create a dialogue between indigenous/Native people and aca- demicswho had written about them. The conferences,funded by the Wenner- Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, provided the start of collab orative work that took place…

Natural Sciences Nonfiction Social Sciences

Sex-Gender Differences in Level of Androgyny

Three studies are reported that concern the level of androgyny characterizing college males and females over a 20-year span (1958-1978) and whether such males and females differ in androgynous potential when compared directly. In- spection of androgyny scores over the two-decade period indicated that females achieved appreciably higher levels of androgyny in the 1960s, but…