Essay History Humanities Natural Sciences Nonfiction Social Sciences

The Role of Masculinity and Femininity in Body Objectification: Comparison of Heterosexual and Gay Communities

Drawing on objectification theory, we investigated associations among age, gender-typed traits (masculinity, femininity), community involvement (gay and lesbian sample), and body objectification (body surveillance and body shame) in gay men, lesbians, and heterosexual men and women. Our sample included 390 participants from university and community settings. A total of 82 gay men, 62 lesbians, 82…

History Humanities Natural Sciences Nonfiction Social Sciences

Twelve tips for incorporating and teaching sexual and gender minority health in medical school curricula

The World Health Organization has identified many barriers to improving the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients, including challenges to incorporating and teaching about healthcare for such patients, which we call “sexual and gender minority” (SGM) health content. These challenges include structural and logistical barriers to incorporating SGM health content into undergraduate…

Essay Humanities Law/Legal Natural Sciences Nonfiction Reference/Guide/Manual Social Sciences

Competencies for Counseling with Transgender Clients

This document contains suggested competencies for use in counseling with transgender clients. These competencies are geared toward professionally trained counselors who work with transgender individuals, families, groups, or communities. These competencies are based on a wellness (e.g., Myers & Sweeney, 2005), resilience (Singh, Hays, & Watson, in press), and strength-based approach (e.g., Bockting, Knudson &…

Essay History Humanities Law/Legal Natural Sciences Nonfiction Social Sciences

Clinical Aspects of Transgender Speech Feminization and Masculinization

Societal norms of speech, voice, and non-verbal communication are often strongly gendered. For transgender individuals who experience a mismatch between existing communication behaviours and felt sense of self, changes to the gendered aspects of communication can help reduce gender dysphoria, improving mental health and quality of life. While peer resources are often beneficial in changing…

Law/Legal Natural Sciences Nonfiction Reference/Guide/Manual Social Sciences

Gender affirming care in the context of medical ethics – gatekeeping versus informed consent

For many transgender patients, access to healthcare – and specifically gender-affirming care (such as hormone replacement therapy) – is limited by a variety of different barriers. Despite evidence showing that access to medical transition is not only safe, but also improves suicide risk in transgender patients, these services are often subject to excessive gatekeeping by…

Essay Law/Legal Natural Sciences Nonfiction Social Sciences

Multidisciplinary Care and the Standards of Care for Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Individuals

In providing care to transgender patients, surgeons interact with health care providers of other disciplines, including medical and mental health providers. Mental health or medical providers often see a patient first, when hormones are initiated. The Standards of Care recommend that mental health professionals assess patients for surgery according to set criteria and send surgeons…

Essay Humanities Law/Legal Natural Sciences Nonfiction Social Sciences

Partial Treatment Requests and Underlying Motives of Applicants for Gender Affirming Interventions

Historically, only individuals with a cross-gender identity who wanted to receive a full treatment, were eligible for “complete sex reassignment” consisting of feminizing/masculinizing hormone treatment and several surgical interventions including genital surgery (full treatment). Currently, it is unclear what motives underlie a request for hormones only or surgery only or a combination of hormones and…

Critique Essay Law/Legal Natural Sciences Nonfiction Social Sciences

Redesigning gender identity services: an opportunity to generate evidence

A recent feature in The BMJ implied that new services are all that’s needed to improve transgender healthcare.1 Providing timely, sensitive services for all, including those who decide to not pursue treatment or detransition, is important.2 But the article did not question the steep rise in referrals of mainly young women or the potential harms…

Critique Essay History Humanities Law/Legal Natural Sciences Nonfiction Social Sciences Theory

Sexual Violence and its Discontents

The stories about how sexual violence comes to be constituted as an object of research offer complex commentaries about the operations of public secrecy in the realm of law, kinship, nation, and the state. Rape emerged as an anthropological object of research when anthropologists compared whole cultures to challenge the universalistic assumptions underlying a natural…