The present study aimed to compare prevalence of autistic traits measured by the self-reported autism spectrum quotient- short (AQ-short) in a transgender clinical population (n = 656) matched by age and sex assigned at birth to a cisgender com- munity sample. Results showed that transgender and cisgender people reported similar levels of possible autistic caseness. Transgender people assigned female were more likely to have clinically significant autistic traits compared to any other group. No difference was found between those assigned male. High AQ scores may not be indicative of the presence of an autism spectrum condition as the difference between groups mainly related to social behaviours; such scores may be a reflection of transgender people’s high social anxiety levels due to negative past experiences.
By Anna Nobili et al., 2018